Effective, just and humane responses to the causes and consequences of crime

Archive for 2014

The YCJA – How did we get here? (Part 2)

How did we arrive at today’s Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)? In Part 1 of this blog post series, we looked at the very early history of the criminal justice system in Canada as it applied to youth. In this instalment, we’ll focus on the beginnings of reform, and the conflict that ensued, leading to…

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The Youth Criminal Justice Act: How did we get here? (Part 1)

In Canada’s criminal justice system, anyone older than 11 or younger than 18 is subject to their own specific legislation, called the Youth Criminal Justice Act. While its critics claim it is far too lenient on youth offenders, its proponents argue that its principles, based on evidence, are sound, and that on the whole, the…

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Bullying: What it is and isn’t

Ask ten different people what they think bullying is, and you may get ten different answers, even though there may be some substantial agreement about what bullying looks like. A study conducted in Taiwan shows that perceived prevalence of bullying among the study participants was consistent, regardless of whether bullying was defined or not. Everyone…

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John Howard on Alberta Primetime: First Nations Overrepresentation in Prisons

John Howard on Alberta Primetime: First Nations overrepresentation in prisons from John Howard Society of Alberta on Vimeo. Original Air Date: Monday, November 03, 2014 Reposted with permission from Alberta Primetime. Description from their website: “Alberta’s been flagged by The Fraser Institute as a place where First Nations people are severely over-represented in prison populations.” John…

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Newcomers in the Classroom

Alberta teachers know it as a fact of life: Every year, more and more of their students are newcomers. This excellent article from Illuminate Magazine points out that one in five Canadians are new to Canada. It also quotes government stats that show many immigrant families are choosing to settle in Alberta and the other…

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Teachers: How to recognize and report child abuse

Teachers want the best for their students, including a safe and nurturing learning environment. Some students are unable to take advantage of that environment, because their world outside of school is in turmoil. One source of this disturbance may be domestic violence. In many parts of the world, reporting of child abuse is mandatory. Under…

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Teachers: Do Your Students Know Their Rights?

Most of what Alberta students know about rights likely comes from American television. There is almost nothing in popular entertainment that speaks to the Canadian situation. Canadian media stories may only mention in passing that a youth has been charged with an offence, and the youth’s name has been withheld as per the “Youth Criminal…

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Family Violence: Resources for Teachers

Teachers are always concerned about the welfare of their students. They also know that disruption in their students’ personal lives affects far more than their academic performance. While there are many resources available to teachers on the subject of family violence, here are three suggestions that may prove useful. Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: A Teacher’s…

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John Howard on Alberta Primetime: Mental Health in Prisons

Video courtesy Alberta Primetime. Their description: “Reports of suicides and solitary confinement of the mentally ill inmates in federal prisons is raising concerns over how inmates with mental health issues are treated in our correctional centres. How prevalent are mental illnesses in Alberta jails, and what services are available to treat them? “We’re joined by…

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How Teachers Can Help Prevent Substance Abuse

Among the concerns faced by teachers and others who work with youth is substance abuse. Drug abuse, alcohol abuse, and abuse of other substances both legal and illegal, can have significant negative effects on the life of a youth. From a teacher’s perspective, the substance abuse may manifest itself in many ways, such as behavioural…

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