THE JOHN HOWARD SOCIETY
History of the
John Howard Society of Alberta (1998)
A description of the
Society's significant contributions since its inception in 1949. The structure
of the organization and its funding base are also discussed.
Portrait of a Hero (1991)
An in-depth look at John Howard,
the person, as well as at how the legacy of his work is carried on through
today's John Howard Societies. Information ranging from his childhood,
personality and dress habits to the triumphs and tragedies in the life of this
famous 18th century prison reformer are highlighted.
The John Howard
Society's Programs (2001)
An outline of the active role
Alberta John Howard Societies play in the criminal justice process, accompanied
by an extensive inventory of programs carried out by these community based
agencies. Programs listed include those for the community, offenders and
ex-offenders, young offenders and families of offenders.
Through Social Development (2000)
A brief review describing
the concept of crime prevention through social development (CPSD). It details
the types of social problems that are receptive to social development
initiatives and describes a number of local, national and international CPSD
Through Social Development: A Literature Review (1995)
comprehensive review of CPSD theory and research intended to supplement the
Through Social Development: A Resource Guide (1995)
document intended to help transform the theory of crime prevention through
social development (CPSD) into action. The Guide identifies and discusses the
issues that inevitably arise and need to be taken into account when considering
the implementation of CPSD initiatives. The Guide functions as a reference
point for those wanting to work with the systems and agencies already in place
to collaboratively implement CPSD initiatives.
Custody Programs for Youth (1997)
A description of the
differences among wilderness camps, boot camps and work camps for young
offenders. Includes program descriptions, findings from program evaluations and
notable concerns about each type of program. The paper concludes with
suggestions about the necessary elements for successful work camp programs for
Harsh Reality of
the Young Offenders Act (1999)
An analysis of whether the
justice system treats young people more harshly than adults. Examines frequency
of custodial sentences, use of custodial dispositions, custody sentence length
and rates of incarceration.
Justice for Young
A comparison of the Juvenile Delinquents
Act, the Young Offenders Act and the proposed Youth Criminal Justice Act. The
philosophies of the three Acts are contrasted and differences in practice are
noted. The potential impact of the Youth Criminal Justice Act is discussed.
An examination of increased interest in holding
parents accountable for their children's actions. Parental liability laws in
Canada and the United States are explored. Issues surrounding parental
liability laws, including the effectiveness of such laws in addressing youth
crime, are examined. More effective alternatives to parental liability laws are
Renewing Youth Justice (1997)
Our response to the
recommendations contained in Renewing Youth Justice, Thirteenth Report of the
Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs. The response makes suggestions
for enhancing or amending a number of the recommendations.
Response to the
Young Offenders Act Provincial Review (1994)
Our response to
the youth justice issues raised in the government of Alberta's Discussion
Document. Directions for the future of youth justice in Alberta are
Response (1992) to
the Young Offenders Act Amendments
Our response to Bill C-12,
proposed amendments to the Young Offenders Act. These proposals increased
maximum sentences for youth who commit serious crimes and made it easier to
transfer youth to adult court. Policy considerations relating to the treatment
and incarceration of young offenders are also discussed.
Response (1994) to
the Young Offenders Act Amendments
Our response to the
specific amendments to the Young Offenders Act proposed in Bill C-37. The paper
concludes with some suggested directions for the government of Canada.
Youth Crime in
Canada: Public Perception vs. Statistical Information
A comparison of public perceptions of youth crime and
the official statistics. Recommendations for bridging the gap between public
perceptions and official statistics are given
Committees in Alberta (1999)
An examination of the
composition and function of Youth Justice Committees in Alberta. Specific
operating concerns, as well as positive features of Youth Justice Committees,
SPECIAL NEEDS OFFENDERS
Treatment Programs (2001)
An examination of the factors that
mark risk for battering and repeated battering and of available approaches to
and models of batterers' treatment. Against this descriptive backdrop, certain
elements that are essential to effective programming are presented along with a
suggested framework within which effective batterers' treatment programs can be
developed and delivered.
Sex Offender Treatment Programs (1997)
A review of community
based treatment programs for sex offenders. Two British Columbia programs and
one Ontario program are highlighted. The need for more programs that provide
treatment and support to sex offenders after their sentences have expired is
An exploration of the practice of
notifying communities of the release of potentially dangerous individuals. The
problems associated with this practice, including vigilante justice, are
Legislation Around the World (1999)
A literature review
exploring dangerous offender legislation and practices around the world,
including a brief overview of current dangerous offender legislation in Canada.
Includes directions for the future of dangerous offender legislation in
An examination of the two basic methods of
assessing the risk posed by federal offenders: actuarial and clinical. The
issues surrounding risk assessments are discussed and suggestions for improving
the accuracy of risk assessments are provided.
Dangerous Offender Proposals (1993)
Our response to proposed
changes to Canada's dangerous offender laws. This paper details the proposed
changes and our reasons for recommending that the government not introduce the
Response to High
Risk Offender Proposals (1997)
The John Howard Society of
Canada's response to Bill C-55, amendments to the Corrections and Conditional
Release Act. The response was prepared jointly by the Alberta and Ontario John
Howard Societies. Details the Society's position on specific changes to
Dangerous Offender legislation, including a proposed new Long-Term Offender
designation, and includes recommendations for change.
A briefing note providing information on
the likelihood of recidivism, factors related to recidivism, success while on
release, and treatment issues. Concludes with a discussion of future
Response to the
Alberta Summit on Justice (1998)
Our response to the Summit
on Justice consultation process. The paper presents our views on the benefits
of restorative justice programming, the importance of community involvement in
justice, the need for better public education on justice issues and the need
for crime prevention through social development approaches to crime
A description of the concept of restorative
justice. It examines the emergence of restorative justice as well as its goals,
techniques and future.
Reconciliation Programs (1998)
A literature review examining
the benefits and practice of victim offender reconciliation programs.
An examination of attendance centre programs for adult
and young offenders. The issues surrounding attendance centre programs are
A discussion of the evolution of community
corrections over the past 30 years. Among the general issues explored are cost,
reduction of prison populations, net widening, effectiveness, humanitarianism
and public opinion.
An analysis of the use of the conditional
sentence of imprisonment in Canada since this new sentencing option was
introduced in 1996. Discusses the impact of conditional sentences on
incarceration rates, and canvasses a number of interpretational difficulties
that have arisen out of the legislation. Includes a discussion of five Supreme
Court of Canada cases handed down in 2000, including R. v. Proulx.
An examination of electronic monitoring
technology and programs worldwide, particularly their use in the United States
and their introduction in Canada. Discusses electronic monitoring from the
offender's perspective and reviews the issues surrounding electronic
Response (1994) to
Our response to Bill C-41, amendments
to the sentencing provisions in the Criminal Code.
A summary of the purpose and principles of
sentencing and the range of sentencing options in Canada, including
imprisonment, intermittent imprisonment, dangerous offender declaration,
conditional sentence, fines and community service, restitution, probation and
conditional and absolute discharge.
Boot Camps: Issues
for Canada (1998)
An examination of boot camp design,
structure and utility. The remarkable growth of boot camps in the United States
is examined and evaluative information is provided when possible. The issues
surrounding the use of boot camps in Canada are outlined.
Effects of Long
Term Incarceration (1999)
An overview of the effects of
long-term incarceration and the ways in which prisoners deal with lengthy
confinement. Issues dealt with include deprivation, fear of deterioration,
effects on relationships inside and outside the prison environment, self-esteem
and personality change.
An overview of inmate education in the federal
penitentiary system. The unique needs of inmate students are discussed and the
characteristics of effective correctional education programs are detailed. The
impact of prison education on recidivism rates is explored and public influence
in shaping Canadian corrections policy on education is discussed.
A discussion of the history and development of inmate
industries. The paper provides an overview of the types of industries and
programs operating within the corrections system. It also explores the major
issues facing private sector involvement in inmate industries.
Inmate Rights and
Grievance Options (1998)
An examination of inmates' rights
(past and present) as well as the grievance procedures available to provincial
and federal inmates. Included is the function of the Alberta Ombudsman and the
federal Correctional Investigator, as well as a critique of their
An examination of inmate voting rights in
Canada. The issues surrounding inmate voting rights are explored and the John
Howard Society of Alberta's position on inmate voting rights is presented.
An analysis focussing on the provisions for life
imprisonment sentencing and the number of "lifers" currently serving sentences
in Canadian institutions. Also discussed are the various programs available to
Prison and Jail
A look at suicide, which is the most common
cause of death in Canadian correctional institutions. Possible causes and
indicators of prison suicide, risk factors and present methods of treatment,
intervention and prevention are discussed.
A briefing paper citing the problems of
overcrowding in Canadian prisons, particularly in federal penitentiaries. The
effects of prison overcrowding and ways to reduce overcrowding are
POST IMPRISONMENT AND AFTERCARE
A general overview of the place of halfway houses in
the criminal justice system, how offenders get to halfway houses, some common
issues and concerns surrounding halfway houses and the contribution of halfway
houses to community safety.
Corrections and Conditional Release Act Amendments (1994)
response to Bill C-45, proposed changes to the Corrections and Conditional
Release Act. More effective ways of securing community safety are
Proposed Corrections and Conditional Release Act (1992)
response to Bill C-36, the proposed Corrections and Conditional Release Act.
Details our position on individual provisions of the Bill and our overall
approach to justice.
An examination of the theoretical and practical issues
surrounding the private prisons debate.
A review of the literature pertaining to
the privatization of corrections. The problems and advantages associated with
contracting for services, the concepts of prisons for profit and prison
industries and the North American experience are explored.
An examination of the collection of user fees in
corrections. Issues and concerns surrounding user fees are addressed.
Cost of Criminal
An analysis of the cost of criminal justice in
Canada. This paper examines the six major areas of expenditure: policing, adult
corrections, youth corrections, courts, legal aid and prosecutions.
Fear of Crime
A literature review examining the extent to which
people fear crime, the factors associated with increasing levels of fear, and
the various ways in which the government and criminal justice organizations
have attempted to reduce the public's fear.
A review of media, law enforcement, government and
academic perspectives on gangs. Existing individual, community and criminal
justice system responses to gang activity are outlined. Possible reasons for
the perceived increase in gang related activity are discussed, along with
suggestions for social and community responses.
Our response to existing and proposed forms of
offender registry, which is a form of notification requiring offenders to
register their name and other identifying information with police and to renew
their registration regularly or when they move. Issues surrounding offender
registry are discussed, including the effectiveness of offender registry and
alternatives to offender registry.
A review of the literature on prostitution. The risk
factors associated with entry into prostitution are identified and prevention
is discussed. Social and legal responses to prostitution are explored and an
attempt is made to identify the most effective responses to prostitution.
Role of the Police
An examination of the present roles and functions of
police in society, the origin of Canadian policing, public perceptions and
expectations, the importance of community relations and police demography in
Canada. The impact of multiculturalism and the future of policing in Canada are
A discussion of the use of written or oral
submissions from crime victims describing the impact the offence had on their
lives. This paper examines the history of Victim Impact Statements in the
United States, their introduction into Canadian sentencing hearings, the
Alberta experience and the arguments of both opponents and proponents of
including Victim Impact Statements in the court process.
Women and Violence
Are women becoming more violent? This paper examines
women and criminality, including risk factors for criminal involvement, social
and judicial responses to women's violence, and possible reasons for the
perceived increase in women's violence in recent years.
ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE
JOHN HOWARD SOCIETY OF
This booklet describes the steps necessary to apply for a
pardon, including how to obtain a pardon application booklet and the
documentation required. It also answers many of the commonly asked questions
about pardons, such as the costs involved and what a pardon means in terms of
employment and travel.
|A Guide to Pardons (2nd
This guide introduces the Young Offenders Act, the
operation of the youth justice system and the application of the Act in
Alberta. The guide is written in plain language and is complete with pictures
|A Guide to the Young Offenders Act in Alberta
This document provides individuals working in the criminal
justice system with information about criminal records. It includes an overview
of Canada's central criminal record system, answers frequently asked questions
about criminal records, and examines the legislation governing criminal records
in Canada. A section of the document is devoted entirely to youth criminal
This document was prepared by our office as part of our
work on the Law Enforcement and Corrections Task Group of the Alberta
Non-Prescription Needle Use (NPNU) Consortium.
|List of HIV/AIDS /Hepatitis C and NPNU
Resources in Alberta
These documents were prepared by our office as part of
Executive Director Christine Leonard's role as the Non-Government Organization
(NGO) Representative to the Minister of Justice's Policy Advisory Committee on
the Alberta Summit on Justice.
|NGO Justice Summit
Our quarterly newsletter, The Reporter is
distributed free of charge to a wide audience of citizens, educators, agencies
and criminal justice system staff. The goal of the John Howard Society of
Alberta in distributing the newsletter is to provide information and commentary
on timely criminal justice issues. Highlights from recent include:
||Alberta's Summit on
Justice: What Happened? (Volume 1, July 2000)
||Exciting Times Bring Forth New
Plans (Volume 2, February 2001)
||The Best Laid Plans... (Volume
3, June 2001)
||Building Capacity: United We
Stand... (Volume 4, September 2001)
||Turning Recommendations into
Action (Volume 5, December 2001)
||Justice and Mental Health
(Volume 6, February 2002)
||Celebrating Successes (Volume
7, April 2002)
Involvement in Youth Justice: Opportunities for Action
(Volume 17 Number 1,
(Volume 17 Number 2, September 2000)
17 Number 3, December 2000)
(Volume 18 Number 1, May 2001)
||Community Based Criminal
Justice: A Critical Examination
(Volume 18 Number 2, September 2001)
18, Number 3, December 2001)
Number 1, May 2002)
O R D E R F O R