Adults and young people do not always commit the same types of offences at all or in similar proportions (for example, adults cannot violate the YOA and youths are seldom charged for impaired driving which is the most common adult offence). Therefore, we have chosen to group all offences other than property or violent crimes in one large category to minimize the effects of these offence rate differentials. In 1997/98, 42% of youth cases classified as ?other’ resulted in custody, while only 30% of such cases heard in the adult court resulted in a prison sentence. Data from 1996/97 and 1995/96 were similar - youths were, in those years, more likely to end up in custody once their cases proceeded to court (see Table 2. Below).


Table 2. Youth and adult court cases with convictions resulting in custodial sentences


   

YOUTH COURT

ADULT COURT

 

type of offence

cases with convictions

cases resulting in custody

cases with convictions resulting in custody (%)

cases with convictions

cases resulting in prison

cases with convictions resulting in prison (%)

1997/98

violent

14,472

4,485

31

42,105

15,847

38

property

33,831

10,266

30

65,643

24,670

38

other

26,225

10,919

42

142,325

42,151

30

total

74,528

25,670

34

250,07

82,668

33

1996/97

violent

14,241

4,308

30

41,383

15,125

37

property

35,519

10,478

29

71,870

24,275

34

other

25,037

10,492

42

148,391

38,068

26

total

74,797

25,278

34

261,644

77,468

30

1995/96

violent

13,736

4,226

31

42,567

15,670

37

property

34,734

10,081

29

72,885

24,867

34

other

24,475

10,005

41

154,711

39,824

26

total

72,945

24,312

33

270,163

80,361

30


Sources: Youth Court Survey, CCJS (cited in CCJS, 1999b, 1998e, 1997b) and the Adult Criminal Court Survey, CCJS (cited in CCJS, 1998a, 1998d, 1997e).

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