Malkin, I. (1995). The role of the law of negligence in preventing prisoners' exposure to HIV while in custody. [On-line]. Available:

Sabbath M. J., & Cowles, E. L. (1992). Problems associated with long term incarceration. Forum on Corrections Research, 4 (2), 9-11.

Santos, M. (1995). Facing long-term imprisonment. In Flanagan, T. (Ed.), Long-term imprisonment: Policy, science and correctional practice. London: Sage Publications, pp. 36-40.

Solicitor General of Canada. (1991). Solicitor General of Canada annual report 1990-91. Ottawa: Supply and Services Canada.

Stableforth, N. (1997). Women Offenders. Let's Talk, 22 (2), 4.

Sykes, G. (1966). The society of captives. New York: Atheneum.

Task Force on Long Term Offenders. (1998). Implementing the life-line concept: Task force on long term offenders. Ottawa: Supply and Services Canada.

Task Force on Federally Sentenced Women (1990). Creating choices: The report of the task force on federally sentenced women. Ottawa: Supply and Services Canada.

Trend toward solitary confinement worries experts. CNN Interactive. (1998, January 9). [On-line]. Available:

Weekes, J. R. (1992). Long-term offenders in Canada. Forum for Corrections Research, 4 (2), 3-7.

Wormith, J. S. (1984). What do we know about long term incarceration? Report prepared by senior research officer, Research Division, Ministry of the Solicitor General of Canada. Ottawa: Supply and Services Canada.

Wormith, J. S. (1985). Long term incarceration: Data and reason meet ideology and rhetoric. In Solicitor General of Canada User Report, Long term incarceration: The continuing debate. Ottawa: Supply and Services Canada.

Zamble, E., & Porporino, F. J. (1988). Coping, behaviour and adaptation in prison inmates. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Zingraff, M. T. (1975). Prisonization as an inhibitor of effective re-socialization. Criminology, 13, 366-381.


Back Table of Contents JHSA What's New?