The issue of fair treatment for First Nations people and visible minorities needs to be continually re-examined but in a larger context. While police forces are justifiably criticized for failing to properly deal with people from visible minorities, they are not the only Canadian occupational group that needs to be held publicly accountable in addressing this social issue. Some degree of racism and racial profiling exists in many segments of Canadian society, despite this country’s strong bent towards multiculturalism. A recent newspaper headline reads: "Racism haunts Canada’s first aboriginal judge; ‘You never get rid of that feeling,’ says new member of Ontario Court of Appeal." (Makin "Racism").
The interrelationship between contemporary law and the status of First Nations people continues to preoccupy the courts and law reform bodies in Canada. The Supreme Court decision in the Drybones case of 1969, affirming that the Indian Act denied First Nations people equality before the law, initiated a review process that continues to this day. This process has indirect if not direct implications for law enforcement personnel throughout Canada. The writings of Rupert Ross and Colin Sampson describe in poignant terms how racism affects the enforcement of the law (Ross Dancing; A Way of Life 316-325).
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