Works Cited

Alberta, Police Act, Cap. P-17, R.S.A. 2000.

Alberta. MLA Policing Review Committee. Report of the Alberta M.L.A. Policing Review Committee. Edmonton: Alberta MLA Policing Review Committee, 2002.

"A police union’s threat." Editorial. Globe and Mail [Toronto] 18 December 2004: A24.

Backhouse, Constance. Colour-Coded; A Legal History of Racism in Canada 1900-1950. Published for The Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History by the University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Baum, Dan. "A Reporter At Large: The Price of Valor." New Yorker 2004 12/19 July: 44-52.

Beaudin, Monique. "Some people plan ‘suicide by cop,’ experts say: Experts call it Police-assisted suicide when a depressed person plots to draw law-enforcement officers into a life-threatening confrontation and provoke them to kill them." Gazette. [Montreal, Final ed.] 4 May 1998: A1.

Birkbeck, Christopher and Luis Gerardo Gabaldon. "The effect of citizens’ status and behaviour on Venezuelan police officers’ decisions to use force." Policing and Society 8.3 (1998):315-338.

Borrero, Michael. "The widening mistrust between youth and police." Families in Society 82.4 (2001):399-408.

British Columbia. Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Alleged Injuries Sustained by Michael Albert Jacobsen During His Detention in the Vancouver City Police Jail. Commissioners' Report, July 22, 1988, by Malcolm A. Matheson, Mary E. Saunders, and J. David Edgar. Vancouver, B.C.: The Commission, 1988.

British Columbia. Closing the Gap: Policing and the Community: The Report [of the Opal Commission]. Victoria, B.C.: Policing in British Columbia Commission of Inquiry, 1994.

--- Legal Aspects of the Police Use of Force in BC by Janice Mucalov. Victoria, B.C.: Policing in British Columbia Commission of Inquiry, 1993.

--- Neck Restraints as a Use of Force by Gil Pruder. Victoria, B.C.: Policing in British Columbia Commission of Inquiry, 1993.