The John Howard Society of Alberta supports the privatization of corrections programs based on the following:
Although this policy statement is dated, it still represents the position of the John Howard Society of Alberta. It must be noted that the John Howard Societys position on privatization concerns contracting for services such as probation and parole and does not reflect its position on profit oriented involvement in corrections.
The situation in the United States is different from Canada because the states each have their own criminal codes and a more extensive penal system. Each state must decide its position on the matter of privatization. Because of this, there are no available figures on the extent of privatization in terms of contracts for services. Joel (as cited by John Howard Society, 1994) noted that all but nine American states have contracted out for miscellaneous services to varying degrees. Services such as medical and psychiatric care, food, drug treatment, staff training, inmate counselling, rehabilitation programs, classification of inmates, data systems management and payroll and accounting are the most common (Joel, 1993).