The following materials are intended to help teachers familiarize themselves with how the law addresses the issue of bullying, and to suggest some ways to help their students gain a greater understanding of bullying, as well as its legal implications.
IMPORTANT NOTE: In 2012, Parliament passed Bill C-10, which introduced some changes to laws affecting youth, such as the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA). The materials on this site are currently being revised to reflect these legislative changes, and the updated versions will be posted as they are completed. Updated documents are marked (i.e. UP TO DATE). In the meantime, please note that some of these documents may contain some outdated information. To see a summary of the changes to the YCJA, please refer to this page on the Parliament of Canada website.
PLEASE NOTE: All documents are provided free of charge, in exchange for some information about you. All documents are in PDF format except where otherwise indicated. To view them, you will need the Adobe Acrobat Reader, available for free at this link. To save the document to your computer, right-click on the link and choose “Save Target As…” or “Save link as…”.
Intended For: Teachers
The Overview is intended to provide a basic working knowledge of the subject of bullying: defining it, outlining the consequences and affected parties, how it might be prevented, and the legal aspects and implications.
Bullying: Building a Definition
Intended For: Teachers, Secondary Grade Level
This package helps to facilitate a discussion of bullying. Students develop a functional definition, and develop and apply their understanding of bullying through several formative case studies. An additional activity aims to find examples of bullying in literature. Includes student worksheets, teacher’s guide and 2 pages suitable for printing as overhead transparencies.
Bullying: Guidelines for Discussion
Intended For: Teachers
This document offers guidelines for constructive, fair and respectful discussion with your students. While these guidelines are suitable for any type of discussion, they also help explore the topic of bullying specifically.
Bullying: Empathy Activity
Intended For: Secondary Grade Level
This activity explores the emotional impact of bullying and how bystanders might intervene. Includes student worksheets and a teacher’s guide.
Bullying: Rules and Bylaws
Intended For: Secondary Grade Level
This activity explores the purpose and effect of rules which govern behaviour within the school and in the community. A connection is made between classroom rules, school rules and responding to bullying. The activity culminates with students constructing and evaluating an anti-bullying rule for their classroom or school. Includes student worksheets and reference pages that provide information on bylaws and other approaches Alberta communities have used to address bullying.
Bullying and the Criminal Code
Intended For: Secondary Grade Level
This activity addresses and explores the legal consequences of bullying particularly in relation to the Criminal Code of Canada. Includes references and links to the CCC for specific offences.
The following links are to external resources that teachers may find useful for lesson plan source material, student exploration and expansion of personal knowledge on this topic. Please contact us to report any broken links.
NOTES ABOUT THESE LINKS:
Bullying: Can We Prevent It? – Article from the Alberta Community Crime Prevention Association
The Society For Safe and Caring Schools and Communities – This Edmonton-based organization offers lessons and activities for elementary and secondary students in the Resources section of its site, as well as workshops for teachers. Useful bullying-focused resources, guides, booklets, presentations and scripts can be found on this resource page.
Bully Free Alberta – Government of Alberta site. “This website has a variety of tips and tools for adults to help prevent or intervene in a bullying situation, including cyberbullying and homophobic bullying.”
B-Free – Government of Alberta site. “Whether you’re a target of bullying or a concerned friend, we can help. Here, you’ll find first-hand accounts from people who have been bullied and have overcome it, along with tips and resources to help make bullying stop in your life.”
S-Team Heroes – Government of Alberta site. Children and youth can practice dealing with bullying in a variety of contexts through this online game.
24 Hour Bullying Prevention Helpline: Alberta
Bullying Prevention: The Heart of the Matter (Alberta Education) (PDF document) – This resource is part of Alberta Education’s character education resource materials.
Alberta Education: Safe and Caring Schools Initiative – “In order for children and youth to be successful in school, it is important that the learning environment provides a sense of belonging, acceptance, and safety (emotional, psychological and physical). To support student success, Alberta Education, through the School Act, is focused on ensuring schools are caring, respectful, safe, orderly, positive, productive, and free from the fear of physical and emotional harm.”
IAmStronger.ca – Saskatchewan government (SaskTel) sponsored website. “I Am Stronger is a social movement, a call to action to stop bullying and cyber bullying in our communities. As an organization that believes in the power of change and that we can all make a difference, SaskTel wants to take a stand and help lead the change by starting a conversation, sparking change and connecting those of us who are willing to put ourselves on the front lines of the fight against bullying.”
Stop a Bully – “… a safe Bullying Reporting Program, allowing any student in Canada to report bullying to school officials, without any risk of becoming a target themselves.” The site has suspended its reporting service and is seeking a national charity partner to continue the service.
BullyingCanada.ca – A youth created and operated anti-bullying website.
Bullying.org – A collaborative Canadian bullying project. “Bullying.org’s purpose is to prevent bullying in our society through education and awareness. We provide educational programs and resources to individuals, families, educational institutions and organizations. We make available online learning and educational resources in order to help people deal effectively and positively with the act of bullying and its long-lasting negative consequences.”
Bullying Prevention – Long Live Kids – A site created by Concerned Children’s Advertisers (formerly Canadian Children’s Advertisers). Contains public service announcements that encourage kids to speak up about bullying. Lesson plans are also available for download, after a free registration.
CBCLearning – Educational content for use by subscription. Check your local school library or resource distribution system to see if they have an existing subscription.
Information on Bullying for Parents and Teens – From the Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System. Their “When Teens Hurt Teens” study may be of particular interest.
Assessment Toolkit for Bullying Harassment and Peer Relations at School (PDF version) – Provided by The Canadian Public Health Association. This comprehensive assessment program can be an integral part of a new or existing school-wide bullying program.
Bully Dance – A National Film Board of Canada short with a bullying theme. A downloadable teacher’s guide and student worksheets are available for use with the film. Part of the “ShowPeace: Conflict Resolution for Everyday Life” film series.
The NFB has also produced “It’s a Girl’s World“, a short film about bullying by girls. Study guides and other resources are available on the film’s information page.
Bullying Resources (PREVNet) – PREVNet (Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence Network) is a coalition of Canadians concerned about bullying sponsored by The Networks of Centres of Excellence, Queen’s University, and York University. The link goes to an entire section of the PREVNet site with research toolkits, video, and other resources.
Public Safety Canada – Searching for the term “bullying” on this page should turn up a number of bullying resources.
Cool School – Animated interactive site, launching fall 2014. “Join Commander Curtis aka “Cool Cat Curtis” and his partner, Agent Bernard in their quest to help every school become a
Be Smart. Be Well. | Bullying – Site is supported by BlueCross BlueShield from 5 US states. “Be Smart. Be Well. is an award-winning website that delivers life-story videos, expert interviews and in-depth articles on a variety of important health topics. In collaboration with the nation’s leading health organizations, we produce medically reviewed content that’s made available through our website, e-newsletter and e-news alerts, as well as our Facebook, Twitter and YouTube channels.”
Violence Prevention Works – “Home of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program.”
Band Together Project – A YouTube channel devoted to combatting bullying through music. “We’re partnering with three of today’s top musical artists to try and turn the negativity of bullying into something positive: a brand-new song they’re going to write. Let your voice inspire ours, and let’s band together to banish bullying.”
NoBullying.com – From their About page: “Based in Northern Ireland, NoBullying.com has been quick to gather global traffic with over 50,000 people visiting the website per month in March 2014 from around the world. Over 60% of the visitors come from the USA and Canada, 20% from the UK and Ireland and 20% from the rest of the world … NoBullying.com started as a social responsibility project for our company Treze Ltd, but through the support of a community of parents, educators and teenagers – it has grown into something much bigger than we could ever have imagined.”
informED – Resources on How to Handle Bullying – Australian educational site has information and resources for teachers and kids, including the bullying information on this page.
Anti-Bullying Centre – Trinity College Dublin – UK-based site. “The Anti-Bullying Centre was set up initially as an independent research body targeting the area of bullying…As researchers began to contact the centre about our work, a resource library was set up to aid them in their work.”
Anti-Bullying Alliance – UK-based site. The Resources section may be of particular interest. “Founded in 2002 by NSPCC and National Children’s Bureau, the Anti-Bullying Alliance (ABA) brings together over 130 organisations into one network. We look to develop a consensus around how to stop and prevent bullying. We aim to influence policy. And we work to develop and disseminate best practice.”
BullyingUK – A British anti-bullying organization.
Bullying. No Way! – A website produced by the Australian education authorities. Separate sections of interest to students, teachers and parents.
KenRigby.net – Bullying – What Schools Can Do – An informative website focused on the work of Dr. Ken Rigby, University of South Australia.
CBBC Bullying Page – Part of a larger BBC site for children.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development – Visit the OECD website and do a search for the term “bullying” to retrieve a variety of reports and presentations.
Parent’s Primer on School Bullying (Reader’s Digest) – A bullying overview for parents.
The links that were listed here have been moved to a new Cyberbullying unit in the module “Youth and the Law in the Digital Age“. This module will be available soon.