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The following materials are intended to help teachers familiarize themselves with how the law addresses the issue of bullying, and to suggest some ways to help their students gain a greater understanding of bullying, as well as its legal implications.
IMPORTANT NOTE: In 2012, Parliament passed Bill C-10, which will introduce some changes to laws affecting youth, such as the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA). The materials on this site are currently being revised to reflect these legislative changes, and the updated versions will be posted as they are completed. Updated documents will be identified. In the meantime, please note that some of these documents may contain some outdated information. To see a summary of the changes to the YCJA, please refer to this page on the Parliament of Canada website.
PLEASE NOTE: All documents are in PDF format except where otherwise indicated. To view them, you will need the Adobe Acrobat Reader, available for free at this link. To save the document to your computer, right-click on the link and choose “Save Target As…” or “Save link as…”.
Intended For: Teachers
The Overview is intended to provide a basic working knowledge of the subject of bullying: defining it, outlining the consequences and affected parties, how it might be prevented, and the legal aspects and implications.
Bullying: Building a Definition
Intended For: Teachers, Secondary Grade Level
This package helps to facilitate a discussion of bullying. Students develop a functional definition, and develop and apply their understanding of bullying through several formative case studies. An additional activity aims to find examples of bullying in literature. Includes student worksheets, teacher’s guide and 2 pages suitable for printing as overhead transparencies.
Bullying: Guidelines for Discussion
Intended For: Teachers
This document offers guidelines for constructive, fair and respectful discussion with your students. While these guidelines are suitable for any type of discussion, they also help explore the topic of bullying specifically.
Bullying: Empathy Activity
Intended For: Secondary Grade Level
This activity explores the emotional impact of bullying and how bystanders might intervene. Includes student worksheets and a teacher’s guide.
Bullying: Rules and Bylaws
Intended For: Secondary Grade Level
This activity explores the purpose and effect of rules which govern behaviour within the school and in the community. A connection is made between classroom rules, school rules and responding to bullying. The activity culminates with students constructing and evaluating an anti-bullying rule for their classroom or school. Includes student worksheets and reference pages that provide information on bylaws and other approaches Alberta communities have used to address bullying.
Bullying and the Criminal Code
Intended For: Secondary Grade Level
This activity addresses and explores the legal consequences of bullying particularly in relation to the Criminal Code of Canada. Includes references and links to the CCC for specific offences.
The following links are to external resources that teachers may find useful for lesson plan source material, student exploration and expansion of personal knowledge on this topic. Please contact us to report any broken links.
Bullying: Can We Prevent It? – Article from the Alberta Community Crime Prevention Association
The Society For Safe and Caring Schools and Communities - This Edmonton-based organization offers lessons and activities for elementary and secondary students in the Resources section of its site, as well as workshops for teachers. Useful bullying-focused resources, guides, booklets, presentations and scripts can be found on this resource page.
Bully Free Alberta - Government of Alberta site. “This website has a variety of tips and tools for adults to help prevent or intervene in a bullying situation, including cyberbullying and homophobic bullying.”
B-Free - Government of Alberta site. “Whether you’re a target of bullying or a concerned friend, we can help. Here, you’ll find first-hand accounts from people who have been bullied and have overcome it, along with tips and resources to help make bullying stop in your life.”
S-Team Heroes - Government of Alberta site. Children and youth can practice dealing with bullying in a variety of contexts through this online game.
24 Hour Bullying Prevention Helpline: Alberta
Bullying Prevention: The Heart of the Matter (Alberta Education) - This resource is part of Alberta Education’s character education resource materials.
Alberta Education: Safe and Caring Schools Initiative - “A safe and caring school is an environment wherein all are accorded respect and dignity, and their safety and well-being are paramount considerations.”
Stop a Bully - “… a safe Bullying Reporting Program, allowing any student in Canada to report bullying to school officials, without any risk of becoming a target themselves. This program is available to any Canadian school so victims and witnesses of bullying can safely and anonymously submit a Bully Report and photo/video evidence.”
BullyingCanada.ca - A youth created and operated anti-bullying website.
Bullying.org - A collaborative Canadian bullying project. “Bullying.org’s purpose is to prevent bullying in our society through education and awareness. We provide educational programs and resources to individuals, families, educational institutions and organizations. We make available online learning and educational resources in order to help people deal effectively and positively with the act of bullying and its long-lasting negative consequences.”
Bullying Prevention – Long Live Kids - A site created by Concerned Children’s Advertisers (formerly Canadian Children’s Advertisers). Contains public service announcements that encourage kids to speak up about bullying. Lesson plans are also available for download, after a free registration.
CBCLearning - Educational content for use by subscription. Check your local school library or resource distribution system to see if they have an existing subscription.
Information on Bullying for Parents and Teens - From the Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System. Their “When Teens Hurt Teens” study may be of particular interest.
Assessment Toolkit for Bullying Harassment and Peer Relations at School (PDF version) - Provided by The Canadian Public Health Association. This comprehensive assessment program can be an integral part of a new or existing school-wide bullying program.
Bully Dance - A National Film Board of Canada short with a bullying theme. A downloadable teacher’s guide and student worksheets are available for use with the film. Part of the “ShowPeace: Conflict Resolution for Everyday Life“ film series.
The NFB has also produced “It’s a Girl’s World“, a short film about bullying by girls. Study guides and other resources are available on the film’s information page.
Bullying Resources (PREVNet) - PREVNet (Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence Network) is a coalition of Canadians concerned about bullying sponsored by The Networks of Centres of Excellence, Queen’s University, and York University. The link goes to an entire section of the PREVNet site with research toolkits, video, and other resources.
Public Safety Canada (“bullying” search) - This search at Public Safety Canada should turn up a number of their bullying resources.
informED – Resources on How to Handle Bullying - Australian educational site has information and resources for teachers and kids, including the bullying information on this page.
Anti-Bullying Centre – Trinity College Dublin - UK-based site. “The Anti-Bullying Centre was set up initially as an independent research body targeting the area of bullying…As researchers began to contact the centre about our work, a resource library was set up to aid them in their work.”
Anti-Bullying Alliance - UK-based site. The Resources section may be of particular interest. “Founded in 2002 by NSPCC and National Children’s Bureau, the Anti-Bullying Alliance (ABA) brings together over 130 organisations into one network. We look to develop a consensus around how to stop and prevent bullying. We aim to influence policy. And we work to develop and disseminate best practice.”
BeatBullying.org - “Beatbullying works with children and young people across the UK to provide them with all important opportunities to make positive and lasting changes to their lives and outlook.”
BullyingUK - Another British anti-bullying organization.
Bullying. No Way! - A website produced by the Australian education authorities. Separate sections of interest to students, teachers and parents.
Bullying in Schools and what to do about it - An informative website focused on the work of Dr. Ken Rigby, University of South Australia. A video excerpt on the site is a brief but good overview of bullying related issues.
CBBC Bullying Page - Part of a larger BBC site for children.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - Visit the OECD website and do a search for the term “bullying” to retrieve a variety of reports and presentations.
Parent’s Primer on School Bullying (Reader’s Digest) - A bullying overview for parents.
The links that were listed here have been moved to a new Cyberbullying unit in the module “Youth and the Law in the Digital Age”. This module will be available soon.