Solitary confinement is a form of punishment that separates an inmate from human contact for more than 22 hours a day. A solitary confinement cell typically includes one mattress, one slot in the door for food, one sink and one toilet. Download

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Marijuana is a mixture of dried flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. It contains a psychoactive compound, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)…Decriminalization of cannabis is removing or decreasing the criminal classification of cannabis use. There are pros and cons that come as a result of decriminalizing cannabis. Download  

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 At its core, a Halfway House is a community- based residential facility (CRF) that serves as a place of transition for offenders who are in the process of returning to live normal lives back within the community at large. These offenders are still under custodial care by Corrections Services Canada (CSC) or the Parole Board…

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An extrajudicial sanction (EJS) is a more formal extrajudicial measure that is used when the other EJMs are unable to hold a young person accountable for their offence. An EJS can be used before or after the young person is charged. Download  

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An extrajudicial measure (EJM) is a pre-charge diversion system that was introduced with the YCJA (Youth Criminal Justice Act) in 2003, that is a less formal, alternative way of dealing with first time, non-violent young offenders other than going through court and formally charging the youth. Download

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Crime prevention is any initiative or policy, which reduces or eliminates victimization or the risk of individual criminal participation. It includes government and community based programs, which go beyond law enforcement and criminal justice to tackle the risk factors that cause crime because it is proven to be more cost effective and leads to greater…

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