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Effective, just and humane responses
to the causes and consequences of crime

Offender Risk Assessment (2000)

“Risk assessment plays a crucial role in dangerous offender proceedings. While the Canadian criminal justice system relies heavily on predictions of risk, these predictions are inherently error prone. There are no ‘laws’ of behaviour that can be applied to a set of circumstances to determine the behavioural outcome that will follow. Criminal behaviour, in particular,…

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Recidivism and Short Term Inmates (2002)

“The definition of recidivism varies depending on the manner in which researchers measure it. Generally, however, recidivism is understood to be a falling back or relapse into prior criminal habits, especially after punishment. Short term inmates in Canada are defined as adult offenders sentenced to provincial custody for a period of two years less a…

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