Effective, just and humane responses to the causes and consequences of crime

As an update of the JHS paper on Electronic Monitoring (2000), this paper reflects two significant developments with regard to this subject over the past six years. First, there have been considerable advancements made in the technological areas for both Electronic (EM) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) monitoring that have allowed for increasingly affordable, practical and efficient devices to monitor offenders. And second, the debate concerning these community based supervision programs has become more focused, albeit with a more integrative perspective, on issues of cost effectiveness, recidivism, public safety and the impact on the offender.

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